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Australia’s new $10 banknote

On 20 September 2017, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) released the second banknote in the Next Generation Banknote (NGB) program. We are pleased to be coordinating industry efforts to transition from old notes, released nearly 20 years ago, to…

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Cash: the Next Generation

The first in the new Next Generation Banknote series went into circulation today. This begs the $5 question: what role does cash play in our payments mix? Michele Bullock, Assistant Governor (Business Services) at the Reserve Bank of Australia and…

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Consumer Payment Technologies

Apple Pay in Australia

Here at APCA, one of our jobs is to ensure that the community is well informed about payments systems and their future evolution. We were therefore very interested in recent industry media commentary on the evolution of new payment technologies and, in particular, the progress of Apple Pay in Australia. Australian payment institutions have been criticised by some in the local media for not getting together to make Apple Pay happen. I am not privy to any commercial discussions (of course), but that is a little surprising. There just might be legitimate pro-competitive reasons for that not happening – they are competitors and given Apple’s market weight, they will doubtless have a significant effect on competitive dynamics. This bears careful thought.
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Trends In Consumer Payments

RBA data suggests 40% of credit card values in Australia are now card-not-present

Change is pretty well the only constant when it comes to consumer payments. In Australia, we have seen a rapid uptake in contactless card use as well as increased use of online payments. Conversely, we have seen a rapid decline in personal cheque use as well as an ever-diminishing use of cash. Monitoring changing payment usage can be notoriously difficult. The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) and APCA collect and publish statistics from industry participants on cheques, cards and electronic payments as well the number of ATMs and POS devices. However, other types of usage such as cash use and the split between card-present (point-of-sale) and card-not-present (internet, telephone and mail) transactions are more difficult to track. Consumers and merchants don’t regularly record or report their own payments activity – meaning we only get a partial picture of how payments use is evolving.
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Payment Costs

Payment costs in Australia – early observations from new RBA research

With complex processes and multiple parties, determining the costs of payments can be difficult. In recent years, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) has taken up the challenge and released a research report on the cost of payments in Australia. This represents a long-awaited follow up to research last done in 2006. The most recent RBA report dated December 2014 draws upon data collected in 2013 from financial institutions, businesses and consumers and seeks to quantify the overall cost of payments and the cost of various payment methods. This includes both “resource costs” (the costs to the whole economy) and “private costs” (the costs borne by consumers, merchants and financial institutions respectively).
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